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Asian gardens are based on Japanese, Chinese garden design as well as the teachings of Zen and Feng Shui. Overall, this garden style should have a calming presence. Typical stylistic elements are flowing forms, curved paths and bridges. The element water plays a special role.
Ponds, small waterfalls, streams, spring stones, fountains should not be missing in the Japanese Garden. The splashing of the water has a nice calming effect. Bamboo pipes as water dispensers are also becoming more and more fashionable.
When creating the ponds, harmony with nature is the main focus. Stones are used unprocessed, as if they were formed by nature.
The pond planting is rather economical. At the edge of the pond, however, several plants that love a moist but permeable soil. The Japanese leaf and slit maple (Acer palmatum and Acer japonicum)are perfect. They enchant the garden with their bright red or yellow autumn leaves.
Bridges are also attributed a special symbolism in the Asian Water Garden. If Bridges lead strictly straight ahead, ghosts could come over the bridge. Therefore, wooden bridges are often laid diagonally above the water. Red painted bridge railings are considered a lucky symbol.
If the pond is slightly larger, Japanese Koi fish can be used there. Fish are a Symbol of wealth and happiness in Asian countries.
In contrast to the Japanese Garden, The Zen garden consists largely of a gravel surface. The raked gravel symbolizes the water. For this reason, the Zen garden is still called Dry Garden.
The Zen style is characterized by stylish shapes, ornamental elements and raked patterns in gravel. Asian woody plants in shape cut or large stones (boulders) almost always form a natural style.
If you have more space available, you could also include a covered terrace, gazebo or small hut for the Japanese tea ceremony. The small tea hut can also serve as the center of the garden area. Bamboo plays an important role as a building material.
Torii gates are still typical of Japanese culture. They are not only entrance and exit gates, but usually also offer viewers a framed view of the garden area. They express prosperity.
Stones also play an important role as stylistic elements in the Japanese Garden. They can stand upright or lying down. Their arrangement also follows strict rules.
Bamboo is indispensable in the Japanese Garden. Especially the Fargesia species are considered. However, it should be noted that they spread rapidly through powerful root systems and therefore need a rhizome barrier. Bamboo plants can also be placed in tubs or raised beds.